Lithium Ion (Li-ion) batteries have over time taken a position as the primary source of power for almost every portable electronic devices. Their only disadvantage is their design which limits the charge rate. However, the modern Lithium Ion batteries are robust and can be charged rapidly by using “fast charging” methods. This type of battery is cost-effective besides offering simplification and cost reduction over multi-cell designs. This article gives a general view of the advantages and disadvantages of using 48v lithium ion battery.
Advantages of 48v Lithium Ion Battery
- Smaller and lighter
48v Lithium Ion battery is advantageous because it has a higher energy density compared to other types of batteries. The high energy density means it doesn’t discharge faster besides being lighter. It is the best when used in power-hungry devices such as smartphones and laptops. With the rapid advancement in technology, lithium-ion battery is potentially open for higher capacity.
- Zero to low memory effect
48v Li-Ion batteries are designed to have almost zero effect on memory. Majority of rechargeable batteries tend to lose their maximum energy capacity when they are recharged often without depleting their stored energy fully. This is a common problem with nickel batteries, NiMH and NiCd but not with Li-ion batteries.
- Low self-discharge
Unlike other batteries, Lithium Ion batteries have a low self-discharge of up to 1.5% in a month. This suggests that the battery has a longer lifespan when not in use courtesy of the slow discharge rate. It is worth noting that 48v Lithium-Ion battery has a self-discharge rate of about 21% per month.
Disadvantages of V Lithium Ion Battery
48v lithium-ion batteries are expensive to manufacture. Compared to Nickle battery, 48v Lithium Ion battery is 40% higher in production cost. Lithium Ion batteries need an onboard computer circuitry to manage and make sure both the current and voltage lie within the safest limits. The circuitry is what makes this battery expensive.
- Sensitivity to high temperatures
Unlike other batteries, 48v lithium batteries are susceptible to high temperatures. They are likely to degrade when they are exposed to too much heat in case the device overcharges. A lot of heat causes the lithium battery to degrade at a higher rate than it normally would.
- Safety concerns
48 Lithium Battery is potentially hazardous because it can explode when overcharged or heated. The explosion is caused by the decomposition of electrolytes which increase the cell’s internal pressure. More so, an explosion can occur when overheating ignite the internal circuits. Because 48v Lithium Ion batteries are susceptible to an explosion, its transportation is somehow limited when being shipped in large quantities.
Like every other battery, 48v Lithium Ion batteries have their advantages and disadvantages. Some of its advantages are what makes them better than other batteries while some of its shortcomings make them second after other types of batteries. Before purchasing Lithium Ion batteries, ensure you know their advantages and disadvantages. This knowledge will save you from avoidable circumstances.